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Do you remember what I wrote twelve days ago about the UN?
In closing, I would like to state that the entire leadership structure has been corrupted. You are more than aware that we can no longer trust the White House, the Congress, Military Brass, the Supreme Court or any of the egghead ‘think tanks’ being funded by both sides. Trust your instincts, work toward making your state’s sovereignty the most important issue your individual candidates focus on, and holler, scream, petition your state legislatures to work toward getting the United Nations out of our country and our lives. When this pResident tries to sign an executive order approving one of their treaties or this Congress votes to sign a United Nations treaty, MARCH ON WASHINGTON!
Let’s start with a taste of one of at least three intersecting rabbit holes. Please make sure to read all the sections, including the quoted text from the ‘About Page’ of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. A few of my readers know that I believe Andrew Carnegie to have played a major role in the current globalist war we now face since his return from a trip to Britain in 1888. (Many readers will recognize the names listed, and emphasis from this point on is mine.) The actual article from CNN about the UN pushing for an international monetary standard follows the excerpts about Alger Hiss and Harry Dexter White.
Alger Hiss, convicted of perjury, and known communist, helped write the United Nations Charter.
In 1950 the State Department issued a volume entitled Postwar Foreign Policy Preparation, 1939-45. It described in detail the policies and documents leading up to the creation of the United Nations and named the men who shaped these policies. This and similar official records reveal that the following men were key government figures in UN planning within the U.S. State Department and Treasury Department: Alger Hiss, Harry Dexter White, Virginius Frank Coe, Dean Acheson, Noel Field, Laurence Duggan, Henry Julian Wadleigh, John Carter Vincent, David Weintraub, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Harold Glasser, Victor Perlo, Irving Kaplan, Solomon Adler, Abraham George Silverman, William L. Ullman and William H. Taylor. With the single exception of Dean Acheson, all of these men have since been identified in sworn testimony as secret Communist agents!
Hiss’s role at the San Francisco conference, where the United Nations was finally taken off the drawing board and put on the assembly line, is better known to most Americans. He was the chief planner and executive of the entire affair. He organized the American delegation and was the acting secretary-general. Visitor passes bore his signature. According to the April 16, 1945, issue of Time magazine:
The Secretary-General for the San Francisco Conference was named at Yalta but announced only last week–lanky, Harvard trained Alger Hiss, one of the State Department’s brighter young men. Alger Hiss was one of the Harvard Law School students whose records earned them the favor of Professor (now justice) Felix Frankfurter and a year as secretary to the late justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. He was drafted from a New York law firm by the New Deal in 1933, joined the State Department in 1936, accompanied President Roosevelt to Yalta. At San Francisco, he and his Secretariat of 300 (mostly Americans) will have the drudging, thankless clerk’s job of copying, translating and publishing, running the thousands of paper-clip and pencil chores of an international meeting. But Alger Hiss will be an important figure there. As secretary-general, managing the agenda, he will have a lot to say behind the scenes about who gets the breaks.
Hiss was not only the acting secretary-general at the San Francisco conference, but also served on the steering and executive committees which were charged with the responsibility of actually writing the new Charter. In such a position, he undoubted wielded a tremendous amount of influence on the drafting of the Charter itself. He did not do it single-handedly, however, as some critics of the United Nations have claimed. For instance, Andrei Gromyko was asked during a press conference in 1958 whether he considered it a violation of the Charter for a country to send its forces into the territory of another. He replied: “Believe me, I sit here as one who helped to draft the UN Charter, and I had a distinct part in drafting this part of the Charter with my own hands.”
At the conclusion of the conference Alger Hiss personally carried the freshly written document back to Washington by plane for Senate ratification. The Charter traveled in a black water-tight box with a parachute. The master planners were taking no chances.
Knowing that Alger Hiss was a Soviet agent, the FBI had prepared an extensive surveillance of his activities during the San Francisco conference. Shortly after Hiss learned of this through his contacts in the Justice Department, however, the FBI received orders from the top to cancel its plans.
One more tidbit about Hiss from NYU:
Hiss left the government in 1946 to become president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a foundation which under his leadership became a leading supporter of the U.N.
HARRY DEXTER WHITE
Harry Dexter White (October 9, 1892 – August 16, 1948) was an American economist, and senior U.S. Treasury department official. He was a primary participant in the Bretton Woods conference and the formation of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. A number of sources from the FBI and Soviet archives, and messages decoded by the Venona project, suggest that he may have passed government documents to the Soviet Union prior to World War II.
White was the senior American official at the 1944 Bretton Woods conference, which he and Keynes dominated. After the war, White was closely involved with setting up what were called the Bretton Woods institutions – the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. These institutions were intended to prevent some of the economic problems that had occurred after World War I, and help ensure that capitalism became the dominant post-war economic system. As late as November 1945, White continued to argue for improved relations with the Soviet Union. White later became a director and U.S. representative of the IMF.
On June 19, 1947, White abruptly resigned from the International Monetary Fund, vacating his office the same day.
New York (CNN) — The dollar is an unreliable international currency and should be replaced by a more stable system, the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs said in a report released Tuesday.
The use of the dollar for international trade came under increasing scrutiny when the U.S. economy fell into recession. “The dollar has proved not to be a stable store of value, which is a requisite for a stable reserve currency,” the report said.
Many countries, in Asia in particular, have been building up massive dollar reserves. As a result, those countries’ currencies have become undervalued, decreasing their ability to import goods from abroad.
The World Economic and Social Survey 2010 is supporting a proposal long advocated by the International Monetary Fund to create a standardized international system for liquidity transfer.
Under this proposed system, countries would no longer have to buy up foreign currencies, as China has long done with the U.S. dollar. Rather, they would accumulate the right to claim foreign currencies, or special drawing rights, or SDRs, rather than the currencies themselves.
The special drawing rights would be backed by a basket of currencies, which would make them less susceptible to volatility in any one currency. And because the value of a special drawing right is defined by the IMF, changes in the value of any one currency could be adjusted for.
These initiatives, supported by U.N. Secretary-general Ban Ki-moon, are meant to help sustain the international trade and financial systems that will allow less-developed countries to participate and integrate into the global economy.
In addition to the proposed reforms regarding international currency, the survey also offered guidance on increasing social well-being.
The survey said that “the number of the poor in the world living on less than $1.25 a day decreased from 1.8 billion in 1990 to 1.4 billion in 2005, but nearly all of this reduction was concentrated in China.”
The number of poor increased in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia over the same period. Income inequalities within countries have increased since the early 1980s with few exceptions, the report said.
Which regions of the world have whole-heartedly adopted capitalism and which have not? Who is prospering?
This is just the beginning of volumes about Andrew Carnegie.
At the beginning of the 20th Century, Andrew Carnegie renewed his long-standing interest in world peace. “I am drawn more to this cause than to any,” he wrote in 1907. Like other leading internationalists of his day, Carnegie believed that war could be eliminated by stronger international laws and organizations. Between 1900 and 1914, he gave generously in support of this belief, including $1.5 million in 1903 for the construction of the Peace Palace at The Hague. Carnegie’s single largest commitment to this field, however, was his creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
On his seventy-fifth birthday, November 25, 1910, Carnegie announced the establishment of the Endowment with a gift of $10 million. He selected 28 trustees who were leaders in American business and public life; among them Harvard University president Charles W. Eliot; philanthropist Robert S. Brookings; former Ambassador to the United Kingdom Joseph H. Choate; former Secretary of State John W. Foster; former president of MIT and then-president of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching Henry S. Pritchett; and Carnegie Institution president Robert S. Woodward.
In his deed of gift, presented in Washington on December 14, 1910, Carnegie charged trustees to use the fund to “hasten the abolition of international war, the foulest blot upon our civilization,” and he gave his trustees “the widest discretion as to the measures and policy they shall from time to time adopt” in carrying out the purpose of the fund.
Carnegie chose longtime adviser Elihu Root, Senator from New York and former Secretary of War and of State, to be the Endowment’s first president. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912, Root served until 1925.
The Endowment was initially organized into three divisions: one to aid in the development of international law and dispute settlement, another to study the causes and impact of war and a third to promote international understanding and cooperation. A European Center and advisory board was set up in Paris.
Although World War I shattered the high expectations of turn-of-the-century internationalists, the Endowment persevered with its international conciliation efforts. During the interwar period, the Endowment revitalized efforts to promote international conciliation, financed reconstruction projects in Europe, supported the work of other organizations and founded the Academy of International Law at The Hague. Endowment publications include the unprecedented 22-volume Classics of International Law and the seminal 150-volume Economic and Social History of the World War.
In 1925, Nicholas Murray Butler succeeded Elihu Root as president. For the next 20 years that flamboyant and energetic figure—who also won the Nobel Peace Prize—promoted his vision on international cooperation in business and politics. Among other accomplishments, he was instrumental in fashioning the Kellogg-Briand no-war pact of 1928.
Following World War II and Butler’s retirement, the Endowment’s three divisions were consolidated under the direction of President Joseph E. Johnson. John Foster Dulles led the board.
For the next two decades, the Endowment conducted research and public education programs on a range of issues, particularly relating to the newly created United Nations and on the future of the postwar international legal system. The Endowment provided diplomatic training for some 250 foreign service officers from emerging nations and published International Conciliation, a leading journal in the field. The European Center moved to Geneva for closer contact with UN agencies and became a focal point for European and American dialogue on international issues.
The 1971 inauguration of a new president, Thomas L. Hughes, came at a time of deepening interdependence among nations, new challenges to world security and intensified debate within the United States about the country’s course. The Endowment’s board was chaired by Milton Katz, then John W. Douglas. Programs were consolidated and designed to be more relevant to U.S. policy. The Endowment moved its headquarters back to Washington, D.C., and by 1983 had closed both the New York and Geneva offices. In 1971, the Endowment inaugurated “Face-to Face,” a forum facilitating dialogue among governmental and nongovernmental participants on major international issues. In the early 1970s, the Endowment also acquired ownership of Foreign Policy magazine.
Once virtually alone in conducting international affairs research, the Endowment now found itself among a growing array of think tanks and nongovernmental organizations concerned with foreign relations in one form or another, a trend that continues to the present. The Endowment contributed to this proliferation by “incubating” new organizations—among them the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Institute for International Economics, and the Arms Control Association. On the Endowment’s seventy-fifth anniversary in 1985, it published Estrangement: America and the World, an examination of the position of the United States in the postwar period.
In 1991, Morton I. Abramowitz became president, leading the Endowment during five eventful post-Cold War years under the chairmanships of Charles J. Zwick and Robert Carswell. In keeping with Carnegie’s tradition, they saw new opportunities in the rapidly shifting international landscape.
A distinguished group of senior associates tackled such timely issues as democracy promotion, the political economy of market reforms, and the use of force and peacekeeping. In 1992, the Endowment generated the first comprehensive studies of the new foreign policy environment, including Changing Our Ways: America and the New World and Memorandum to the President-Elect: Harnessing Process to Purpose, a bipartisan assessment of the executive branch.
The Endowment also committed a sizable amount of its own funds to founding the Carnegie Moscow Center. Established in 1993, the Center has become one of the leading public policy institutions operating in the region. Also during Abramowitz’s tenure, the Endowment built its new, permanent headquarters at 1779 Massachusetts Avenue in Washington, D.C.
Jessica T. Mathews took over as president in May 1997. Under Mathews’ leadership, the Endowment has experienced rapid growth, partly fueled through increased support from outside funders.
Mathews transformed a group of small research projects into a field-defining, interdisciplinary study of globalization, called the Global Policy Program. The program addresses the policy challenges arising from the simultaneous processes of economic, political, and technological change. The effort has made the Endowment an important worldwide policy center for understanding this phenomenon.
Also during Mathew’s tenure, the Carnegie Endowment transformed Foreign Policy from a quarterly journal into a vibrant, accessible bimonthly magazine. Relaunched on its 30th anniversary, the magazine has won growing readership and recognition in a time when traditional media are cutting back coverage of international affairs.
Following its century-long practice of adapting to changed circumstances, the Carnegie Endowment launched in 2007 an ambitious new vision to transform itself from a think tank on international issues to the first truly global international think tank. This new initiative seeks to: develop improved understanding in the United States on the local and regional perspectives of those in other countries and regions; formulate actionable and practical policy prescriptions for United States foreign policy and international relations; and provide a model of how to do first-rate, independent policy research. This new vision expanded the Carnegie Endowment geographically from Washington, D.C., and Moscow to a new presence in Beijing and offices in Beirut and Brussels.
Note: This short history was drawn in large part from the historical works of former Endowment President Thomas L. Hughes and former Endowment Secretary Larry L. Fabian.
- Carnegie Endowment Archive
Carnegie Endowment historic materials, from 1910 to 1954 (approx.), are archived at Columbia University in New York City. Materials after that time have not been added to the archives and are not currently available.
- Carnegie Trusts and Institutions
When Carnegie retired from business in 1901, he set about in earnest to distribute his fortune. His most significant contribution, both in terms of money and in terms of enduring influence, was the establishment of several endowed trusts or institutions bearing his name. Andrew Carnegie died in 1919, having given away about $350 million during his lifetime, but the legacy of his generosity continues to unfold in the work of the trusts and institutions that he endowed. These, bearing his name, are described in this booklet.
- The Andrew Carnegie Medals of Philanthropy
The Andrew Carnegie Medals of Philanthropy were inaugurated on December 10, 2001, by the more than 20 Carnegie institutions that he established during his lifetime all over the world. The Carnegie Endowment—along with the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the Carnegie Institution of Washington DC—was one of the three members of the steering committee that organized and launched the medal to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Carnegie philanthropy.The Andrew Carnegie Medals of Philanthropy are given every two years to one or more individuals who, like Andrew Carnegie, have dedicated their private wealth to public good and who have a sustained an impressive career as a philanthropist.
The 2007 medal recipients are:
- Teresa Heinz and the Heinz Family for their work on the environment, education, economic opportunity, and the arts.
- Ratan Tata and the Tata Family. The Tata family made one of its first donations in India in 1898 and through their trusts donate an average of eight to fourteen percent of its net profits every year in India.
- Eli Broad, founder and chairman of SunAmerica Inc. and KB Home, for a range of philanthropic and community causes including art, education, science, and civic development.
- The Mellon Family, which has had a profound effect in the U.S. through its support of museums and art conservation, higher education and scholarship, information technology research, performing arts, and conservation and the environment.
Glenn Beck may consider Woodrow Wilson to be a true SOB, but I absolutely detest Andrew Carnegie and what has been done with his money at his direction.